Because of changing hydrological conditions due to infrastructure development to prevent salinity intrusion into the coastal zone, local authorities in Bac Lieu Province, Vietnam, faced complex natural resource management issues concerning managing saline and freshwater resources to support diverse production activities in the coastal zone while farmers had to adjust their production strategies.
Red tide has become a frequent phenomenon in the coastal waters in many parts of the world. In Southeast Asia many lives have been lost and thousands taken ill from eating contaminated seafoods. Economic losses are also serious and effective mitigating measures are greatly needed. Urged by the 1987 Guatemala poisonings and the first appearance in 1988 of red tides in Manila Bay (Philippines), the concept of a meeting devoted exclusively to Pyrodinium bahamense was first proposed by CSIRO and ICLARM.
This document sets out the rationale behind the establishment of ICLARM
With the objective of formulating community based fish sanctuaries in beel ecosystem based on the experiences of traditional fish aggregating devices (FAD), like katha and kua, this study was undertaken in three beels viz., Shakla, Hurul and Shapla located in Brahmanbaria. Results show that surface area coverage for katha ranged between 25 and 60 dec. Two harvests were found to be common, may exceed to three harvests depending on the hydrological condition of beel. Fish production was recorded higher to be the first harvest that decreased chronologically in the second and third harvests.
It has recently become evident that there is a worldwide need to accelerate the development of aquatic resources if the productivity of food from the oceans, rivers and lakes is to increase beyond the level that it is at the present time. Essentially, there has been no major increase in the offtake of aquatic resources during the past ten years. Food from the sea has stabilized at approximately 70 million metric tons although it is expected that this could increase to in excess of 100 million tons.
This report deals with some of the experiences during a six months training period undertaken by the author. This field training is part of the requirements for a Masters Degree in fish culture and fisheries at the Agricultural university of Wageningen, the Netherlands. The author spent these months in Taiwan, working on a research project carried out by the International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM) from November 1983 to May 1964.
Bioeconomic models are quantitative models characterized by the fact that they integrated the natural and thehuman sides of the fisheries equation, linking biological and economic elements. Given the principally biological tradition of fisheries science, this linking may be considered a quatum leap in fisheries analysis. In this article, theconcept of bioeconomic modeling and the challenges for this modeling in the context of tropical fisheries and aquaculture are highlighted.
Various impacts on the coast of the Indonesian province of West Sumatra are presented together with activities and achievements to address them, e.g. public awareness, public relations and capacity building, including the establishment of a marine protected area.
This is a commentary on Daniel Bromley's paper (The crisis in ocean governance: conceptual confusion, spurious economics, political indifference). Taking into consideration the varied context of small-scale fisheries in developing countries, the authors elaborate on three unstated assumptions: information on the fishery ecology; adequate administrative capacity; and sufficiently transparent governance mechanisms, with avenues of recourse to deter elite resource capture.
Upland farming systems can have severe negative effects through intensified slash-and-burn activities, erosion-enhancing farm practices on moderate to steep slopes, and further encroachment into forest areas. ICLARM studied, in a 2-year applied research activity, opportunities for the improvement of existing pond management practices in an upland forest buffer zone environment, mainly through integration with other farm enterprises and through the introduction of polyculture.