Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) breeding has a long tradition in Hungary. However, recent economic changes in Eastern Europe and new developments in aquaculture necessitated the need for ensuring quality of the brood stock used in hatcheries and the legal and institutional frameworks needed to implement the program. In addition to good research and development programs and gene banking, it became essential to establish an appropriate legal framework, organize, coordinate and control breeding activities, and provide financial support.
The GEF Lessons Learned and Best Practices Toolkit (GEF LL Toolkit) provides information on how to design and implement coral reef management strategies. As our knowledge of the issues surrounding coral reef management and how best to approach them improves, revisions of this information can be anticipated.
Following a description of selected key features of marine ecosystems, simulations based on trophic ecosystems models of the Western Central Pacific Ocean and of the Northern Gulf of Mexico shelf are used to explore potential effects on food webs of major increases in top predator biomass. This results in changes in ecosystem structures that are in surprisingly close agreement with E.P. Odum's theory of ecosystem development towards mature ecosystems, particularly regarding features associated with retention and recycling of detritus.
The principal objective of this conference was to mobilize action in support of coral reef conservation and management. The best available information on the status of coral reefs worldwide tells us that reefs are in decline or threatened over a large part of their distribution. The conference revolves around three major themes dealing with destructive use of coral reef resources. These include reef-destructive fishing, such as blast fishing, muro ami, cyanide and other poison fishing used in the live aquarium and food fish trades.
The Big Numbers Project is a joint activity of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, World Bank and the WorldFish Center in collaboration with national partners. It is funded through PROFISH, the World Bank’s global program on sustainable fishing. It aims to fill the information gap by providing disaggregated data on capture fisheries. The intention is to support the establishment of procedures that allow for the regular analyses of fisheries’ status and trends.
Large rivers and their floodplains support a significant proportion of the world’s biodiversity and provide important goods and ecological services to society, including fisheries. Riverine ecosystems and fisheries are subject to intense pressure from a wide range of anthropogenic disturbances, the main ones being impacts from altered land use, modifications to river flow regimes, riparian and physical habitat loss, water pollution, exotic species invasions and intensive exploitation of fish stocks.
The vast majority of Solomon Islanders depend on fishing and farming for food and livelihoods. However, coastal marine resources are under threat due to overfishing, the effects of climate change and ecosystem degradation. Improving Community-based Fisheries Management or PacFisheries is a community-based project that aims to improve the lives of the people in the Solomon Islands through co-developing comprehensive natural resource management plans. Working with partner NGOs and government, the project will monitor the development and assess the effectiveness of local management plans. Community participants in the project will acquire the knowledge and skills needed to develop workable plans.
The Ramsar site in Stung Treng province, Cambodia is home to more than 10,000 people from 21 villages as well as significant numbers of seasonal fishers who came to the area following the annual fish migrations. Despite richness of the biodiversity in the area, there is widespread poverty and food insecurity. Over exploitation of natural resources, the use of destructive fishing methods and upstream development of hydropower dams have reduced biodiversity and impacted the livelihoods of the people living in the area.
Walking up and down the shore of Lake Chilwa in Malawi selling cooked cassava and fritters was once a typical working day for 30-year-old Ida Likhomo.
Like many women, social pressures forced Ida to leave primary school after just two years. With an incomplete education, there was no opportunity for her to find stable employment and her only hope was marriage. With six children, life has not been easy for Ida and her family with a constant struggle for food and income.
“We had failed several times before, and many people thought it wasn’t worth trying anymore, but we decided we had to,” says Om Meng, the leader of a community fishery in the floating village of Phat Sanday on Cambodia’s Tonle Sap Lake. “Our livelihoods depend on having a place to fish.”