Productivity enhancement has traditionally been the main focus of agricultural research to alleviate poverty and enhance food security of poor farmers in the developing world. Recently, the harmful impact of climate change, economic volatility, and other external shocks on poor farmers has led to concern that resilience should feature alongside productivity as a major objective of research.
Scomberomorus guttatus known as Indo-Pacific king mackerel, is one of the commonly appearing Perciforms in the coastal waters of Bangladesh. There are commercial fisheries, although large volumes are captured mainly by artisan fishermen. It is one of the principal species in the drift gill net fishery of Bangladesh, but the catch is not identified separately. In the coastal waters of Bangladesh, the fishing pressure is increasing due to increase in the number of artisan fishing crafts.
Outcome Mapping (OM) was developed by the International Development Research Center (IDRC) to deal with the complex changes resulting from development projects.
In addition to their unique biological characteristics, coral reef fisheries have a feature which separates them from all other marine systems; the presence of coral outcrops makes the use of trawls and other modern industrial fishing gear types unfeasible. Coral reef systems are, therefore, the domain of the small-scale. fisher. The sheltered waters created by the coral reef systems, combined with the high productivity.of the system, have been an inducement to human settlement.
This brief presents a review of lessons learned and good practices in the management of coral reef marine protected areas based on the analysis of 20 projects funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) related to coral reef MPAs and 21 non-GEF funded projects. The key lessons learned and recommendations are grouped according to four broad areas of management of coral reef marine protected areas: 1. Ecological objectives and impacts 2. Socio-cultural objectives and impacts 3. Economic objectives and impacts 4. Governance issues
This chapter introduces the integrated approach to wetland assessment. It argues for integration as an essential principle for understanding wetlands and their management and use. It discusses different approaches for integration, and advocates a conceptual and methodological framework for assessing wetlands in a fully integrated manner.
The study was conducted to assess key factors influencing suspected white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) disease and associated shrimp production and economic performance in three contrasting black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) culture technologies promoted by the United States Agency for International Development funded Shrimp Quality Support Project (SQSP) in Bangladesh.
Egyptian Government expresses efforts to provide aquaculture industry with high quality fish and to prevent diseases outbreak. The production of larvae and fry is still unpredictable for some species, owing to the lack of control of the microbiota in the rearing systems. Using conventional approaches such as the use of disinfectants and antimicrobial drugs, have had limited success in the prevention or cure of aquatic disease. Also, use of antibiotics does not constitute a sustainable solution, and may result in microflora imbalance for the larvae.
Marine protected areas were established in the Philippines as early as 1974. These early models on Sumilon and Apo Islands and others set forth a framework for coral reef management that has been shown to enhance fish yields to traditional fishers as well as protect and maintain nearshore coral reef habitats for biodiversity and multiple economic uses. The history of marine protected areas in the Philippines is described in relation to their present context.
This paper assesses the costs and benefits of a proposed project for restocking sandfish (Holothuria scabra) in Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam. It identifies the key stakeholders, institutional framework, management and financing required for its implementation. The recommended management strategy includes a 50 percent harvest at optimum size. Limiting the number of boats fishing an area, possibly through licensing, can control the number of sandfish removed. The easiest way to prevent harvesting of undersized sandfish is to control the size of processed sandfish from processors.