While biological and oceanographic parameters form the central part of a database on coral reefs, information concerning human uses and impacts, as well as management efforts are essential to understanding the dynamics involved in changes occurring in this important component of the world ecosystem. As a means of facilitating this important understanding, Project RAMP (Rapid Assessment of Management Parameters) was developed to be integrated into the worldwide coral reef database project (ReefBase).
Traditional pond construction and aquaculture technologies mandate the exploitation of limited water resources. The result is often a lowering of water qualilty and quantity available for alternative uses and users. Rainfed ponds might offer a non-polluting alternative, and make fish farming feasible for a wider variety of potential adopters. Microclimatic effects of holding water on the land might also create positive environment impacts on the farm itself, and over a larger area if widely implemented.
Among users of the water resource are fishes and fishermen. Given the importance of fisheries in the Lower Mekong River Basin, water management schemes must take the fish resource into consideration. Therefore hydrological modelling must encompass hydrobiological issues of critical importance for fisheries. This presentation is an overview of the practical aspects of modelling the relationship between water flow and fish production. The different ways of addressing this issue are listed, together with their corresponding data requirements.
The use of escape gaps set in the comers of Antillean fish traps is suggested as a management mechanism for the intensive trap fisheries of the Caribbean. Escape gaps could be rectangular or diamond-shaped. Rectangular apertures provide two dimensions (width and the diagonal) that can be adjusted to permit the escape of deep-bodied slender fishes while retaining round-bodied fishes and crustaceans. Diamond-shaped escape gaps provide height, width and, to a degree, body shape as controlling dimensions.
This paper details the approaches and tools developed at ICLARM to contribute to the sustainable management of fish as a food resource in the Mekong River Basin. Multiple partnerships have been established in order to gather, compile, analyse and compare existing data on fish resources. Core contributions from Mekong River Commission projects have been supplemented by additional data and experiences from a large range of sources.
The Wetlands Alliance brings together the strengths and expertise of these institutions known for their work in conservation, development, education, training and research. 1) The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) ; 2)
This publication is a summary report of the consultant, based on the the following terms of reference: 1. Assist researchers at the Fisheries Research Institute, Glugor, Penang to develop an induced spawning/larval rearing facility for studying the aspects of the early life history of cockles important to seed resource management. 2. Make field visits to natural cockle beds and culture areas and asse&S prospects for recovery of natural areas which used to receive natural spatfall but are now unproductive. 3. Assess prospects and possible sites for reseeding programmes. 4.
This article assesses recent efforts in a multiethnic town in the Guatemalan highlands to address wastewater pollution, which threatens public health and tourism, the basis of the town's economy. Reporting on an ongoing program of action research, the authors trace the erosion of traditional, Mayan civic and religious institutions that were previously responsible for maintenance of a collective waterworks infrastructure, which in recent years has become the conduit for untreated sewage.
The primary purpose of this discussion paper is to provide current and prospective ICLARM supporters with information about the Center's programs, particularly future directions both programmatic and geographic. In this sense, the document seeks to lay the foundation for the Center's second decade by reviewing in general terms what has been accomplished to date and which issues or approaches will receive priority in the future.