Historically, land and water management within many coastal deltas has focused on the exclusion of saline water flows that move upstream from the coast. However, this approach fails to recognize the diversity of rural livelihoods and ecosystems in coastal deltaic areas, the environmental consequences of altering natural saline water flows and the emergence of new activities such as shrimp farming that require brackish water.
This chapter provides a 'how to' guide for practically applying the integrated approach to a wetland assessment. It separates the assessment activities into three stages (preparation; field assessment and analysis; presentation and engagement) and eleven component steps. It gives recommendations based on our experience of using the toolkit in the two case studies presented in Section III.
On 22 January 1982, the International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Development of Sabah, Malaysia (MAFD), signed a Memorandum of Agreement to cooperate and assist each other in research and development projects related to fisheries and aquaculture development. Both parties recognized the tremendous potential for coastal aquaculture development along Sabah's extensive and relatively unpolluted coastline.
Scientific names in taxonomic works become invalid at a rate of about 5-10% per decade during the first fifty years after their publication. Because of these changes, and because of current indexing practices, searches in bibliographic databases find only a subset of relevant publications. Several solutions to these problems are presented, notably the Species 2000 initiative and a new indexing method for bibliographic services.
Since the late 90's, the WorldFish Center' in Dhaka has two major research programs ongoing in Bangladesh: 1.
Vibriosis caused by opportunistic and secondary bacterial pathogens is still a serious disease problem in aquaculture of the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon. Attempts were made for controlling shrimp bacterial disease using Marine Secondary Metabolites (MSMs). Findings indicated that the MSMs of seaweed Ulva fasciata and Dendrilla nigra are effective for controlling shrimp bacterial pathogens.
Rational management of fisheries in order to optimize harvests requires a constant input of data on the state of the Fish stocks, and in particular, of their mortality rates. Such data are usually obtained by laborious gathering of catch and effort statistics, accompanied by separate investigations designed to produce estimates of the biological and fishery parameters which govern the productivity of the stocks.
ICLARM, the International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, is a relative newcomer to the small group of mission-oriented research organizations concerned with international fisheries. It was organized in 1975 and incorporated in 1977 in the Philippines where it maintains its headquarters. The Rockefeller Foundation developed the concept leading to ICLARM, and remains its principal donor.
The greenlip abalone (Haliotis laevigata) population in Waterloo Bay, South Australia, has undergone collapse and fishery closure twice since 1978. A rich data set, including survey measures of degree of spatial aggregation, has been gathered over that time and provides a unique opportunity to identify factors accounting for persistence or collapse, an issue that is of significance to abalone fisheries worldwide. Statistical analyses of fishery and survey data were undertaken to infer functional relationships between catch, effort, recruitment, adult density, and extent of aggregation.