USA rethinks fisheries management.

Fisheries in the USA are managed under the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (MFCMA). By 1991, it was reported that fish stocks had declined considerably since the act came into force. A national Committee in Fisheries was set up in 1992 to investigate ways of improving fisheries management regimes. The committee's seven recommendations framed in four broad areas are: (1) prevent overfishing; (2) improve the institutional structure; (3) improve the quality of fishery science and data; and (4) move toward an ecosystem approach to fishery management.

Traditional institutions and their role in the contemporary coastal resource management in the Pacific Islands.

A discussion is presented on the role played by customary marine tenure (CMT) institutions in the regulation of fisheries in the Pacific Ocean Islands. Particular reference is made to the system in operation in Marovo Lagoon, in the Solomon Islands, whereby a number of defined clans control resource use within defined areas of land and sea. It is believed that such systems have considerable capacity for handling and adapting to new circumstances, thereby becoming potentially important tools in the contemporary management of fisheries and of the coastal zone in general.

Sumilon Island reserve: 20 years of hopes and frustrations.

Over 20 years, successive openings and closures of the Sumilon Island marine reserve to fishers have provided unique opportunities to examine the effects of marine reserves on populations and communities of fishes and upon local fisheries. The history of the reserve also highlights the problems and frustrations of educating and convincing people of the need for rational management of renewable marine resources. Yet, it is a symbol of hope in that it has provided a unique example of the potential benefits of marine reserves in fisheries management, particularly in the developing world.

Smoked marine fish from Western Region, Ghana: a value chain assessment

The value chain analysis of ths report focused on smoked marine fish- overwhelmingly the most important fish product originating in Western Region, Ghana. Smoked fish from Western Region is mainly destined for the domestic market where demand is very strong. Small quantities of smoked fish are destined for markets in Togo, Benin and Nigeria.

A simulation model of the dynamics of Peruvian anchoveta (Engraulis ringens) .

The article describes the key elements of a model simulating the dynamics of the anchoveta (Engraulis ringens) in the Peruvian upwelling system (4 degrees to 14 degrees South). This model, based on coupled differential equations, is parametrized mainly using empirical data and functional relationships presented in two volumes issued by ICLARM in 1987 and 1989, and may thus be viewed as test of the hypotheses presented therein.

Predicting the impacts and socio-economic consequences of climate change on global marine ecosystems and fisheries: the QUEST_Fish framework

Climate change is accelerating and is already affecting the marine environment. Estimating the effects of climate change on the production of fish resources, and their dependent societies, is complex because of: difficulties of downscaling Global Climate Models (GCM) to scales of biological relevance; uncertainties over future net primary production and its transfer through the food chain; difficulties in separating the multiple stressors affecting fish production; and inadequate methodology to estimate human vulnerabilities to these changes.

A place at the table? (Commentary)

International organizations are calling for fisheries to be included in a new global deal on climate change. A consortium of 16 organizations including the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Bank and the WorldFish Center issued a policy brief to delegates meeting in Bonn from June 1-12 for the latest round of UN climate talks. Their key message was outlined in a Commentary by two of the authors of the brief published May 28 on Nature Reports Climate Change.

On the growth, mortality and recruitment of the spiny lobster (Panulirus homarus) in Sri Lankan waters

Monthly length-frequency data of spiny lobster Panulirus homarus collected from the south coast of Sri Lanka during 1988-1990 were analyzed to estimate von Bertallanfy growth parameters. The asymptotic lengths estimated using Wetherall plots were 322 mm and 315 mm total length for the males and females, respectively. Using o' values of 3.53 for males and 3.61 for females, the growth constant (K) was estimated as 0.21 year super(1) and 0.27 year super(1) for the males and females, respectively.

Marine fisheries of Karnataka State, India.

This contribution provides an overview of the marine capture fisheries off the coast of Karnataka State, India. It covers the main fisheries and fishing gears, production trends (by main species /groups and gears), assessment results and fisheries management. Marine fisheries production in the State increased from about 57,000 t/year during the 1950s to a peak of about 250,000 in 1989, declining to about 150,000 t/year by 1995. Substantive changes have been noted in dominant gears and species groups contributing to the catch between 1980-84 and 1990-95.

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