Competition between fisheries and marine mammals for prey and primary production in the Pacific Ocean.

The degree of competition between fisheries and marine mammals in the Pacific Ocean was estimated for 7 statistical areas defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Catch statistics compiled from FAO sources show that the amount of fish caught in the Pacific Ocean rose from 2 million tons in the late-1940s to over 50 million tons in the early-1990s. Recent stagnation and declines occurring in some areas of the Pacific suggest that Pacific fisheries cannot continue to expand as they had previously.

Assessing and managing the marine fish resources of Sierra Leone, West Africa

A joint Sierra Leone/1CLARM project funded by the Commission of the European Communities is presented, whose task is to assemble the available survey and fisheries data on the marine fish resources of Sierra Leone, analyze them, and based thereon, propose a management regime for these resources. The computerized databases and other tools developed for this purpose and for monitoring and analyzing the fisheries after the project has ended are presented, and their potential use in neighboring countries is discussed.

Maximum sustainable yield of marine capture fisheries in developing archipelagic states: balancing law, science, politics and practice

The contemporary legal regime for marine capture fisheries is dominated by management based on maximum sustainable yield (MSY). This study examines the law, science, politics and practice of MSY in a selection of developing archipelagic states to assess whether and how MSY is being used in the management of single fish species and as part of a broader ecosystem approach to fisheries management.

Enhancement of marine fisheries resources.

Many exploited stocks of aquatic organisms are limited by the supply of juveniles and many also suffer from recruitment overfishing. Consequently, there is much interest in stock-enhancement programs, which are aimed at improving harvests by increasing recruitment to levels approaching the carrying capacity of the habitat. Most stock-enhancement programs involve the release of juveniles reared in hatcheries or the collection, rearing, and transplantation of wild juveniles. Optimized release strategies and increased fitness for life in the wild are required.

The Asian Fisheries Social Science Research Network: an update.

The main objective of the Asian Fisheries Social Science Research Network is to build national research capacity to deal with important socio-economic issues in the management of the complex tropical fisheries of the SoutheastAsian region and in the development of the aquaculture industry. Details are given of the Network CommitteeResearch Reports available and workshops and training courses.

When can marine reserves improve fisheries management?

Marine reserves are a promising tool for fisheries management and conservation of biodiversity, but they are not a panacea for fisheries management problems. For fisheries that target highly mobile single species with little or no by-catch or habitat impact, marine reserves provide few benefits compared to conventional fishery management tools. For fisheries that are multi-species or on more sedentary stocks, or for which broader ecological impacts of fishing are an issue, marine reserves have some potential advantages.

A roadmap for the future for fisheries and conservation.

As a part of 1996 World Conservation Congress (WCC), the IUCN - The World Conservation Union convened a Marine and Coastal Workshop on 17-18 October 1996 in Montreal Canada. This conference proceedings entitled "A roadmap for the future for fisheries and conservation" is the report on one of the four sessions comprised the workshop - the fisheries session. Seven papers were presented at this session.

Restocking and stock enhancement of marine invertebrate fisheries

This chapter reviews restocking and stock enhancement initiatives for a wide variety of marine invertebrates, that is, 11 groups/species—Giant Clams, Topshell, Sea Cucumbers, Scallops, Other Bivalves, Abalone, Queen Conch, Shrimp, Spiny Lobsters, Lobsters, and Sea Urchins. It explores those species/groups where restocking has been the primary object of releasing cultured juveniles and proceeds to the species where releases have been aimed mainly at stock enhancement.

The Marine Conservation Project for San Salvador: a case study of fisheries co-management in the Philippines.

San Salvador, an island village of Masinloc municipality in Zambales, Philippines, has been inhabited by approximately three generations of residents. The initial migrants, who were largely farmers from the mainland of Zambales province, did not have a clear tradition of fisheries management and an indigenous expertise on fish stock management. Until the late 1960s, village residents recalled an abundance of coastal resources and a lack of resource use conflicts, which enabled fishers to enjoy an open and unrestricted access to the fishery.

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