San Salvador, an island village of Masinloc municipality in Zambales, Philippines, has been inhabited by approximately three generations of residents. The initial migrants, who were largely farmers from the mainland of Zambales province, did not have a clear tradition of fisheries management and an indigenous expertise on fish stock management. Until the late 1960s, village residents recalled an abundance of coastal resources and a lack of resource use conflicts, which enabled fishers to enjoy an open and unrestricted access to the fishery.
The management of fishing capacity in both inland and marine fisheries is a major policy concern in most countries in Southeast Asia. Excess capacity leads to a number of negative impacts, such as resource use conflicts, overfishing, environmental degradation, economic wastage, and security threats. This paper presents the results of a regional study that examined various approaches to managing excess fishing capacity in small-scale fisheries in Southeast Asia.
The main objectives of the project were to evaluate the present status of the fishenes in Sierra Leone and to make recommendations of possible management strategies in the light of the priontv proclaimed by the Government of Sierra Leone to give preference to local fisheries, particular artisanal and semi-industrial, over foreign fisheries. Further, the project was to device a permanent system of fisheries data collection and to train Sierra Leonean personnel in the handling of computerized fisheries database systems.
This study is one of a series of research efforts by interdisciplinary teams which consolidate and synthesize existing knowledge relating to the marine fisheries of Southeast Asia. The goal of these reviews is to make more readily accessible to policymakers and researchers alike the broad range of available information relevant to their individual and programmatic needs. By reviewing published and unpublished materials, these studies draw attention both to what is known and to critical gaps in understanding which require research.
The widespread and long-term nature of the tsunami damage in Aceh province, Indonesia has threatened the continued use of coastal and fisheries resources. This article describes the application of the Rapid Appraisal of Fisheries Management System (RAFMS) methodology and presents key findings from the participatory appraisals in 15 study sites. The focus is on changes in the number and types of fishing boats and fishing effort, consumption and marketing flow patterns and community perspectives on livelihood options.
To help reverse the downward trends for the world's marine fish stocks, the Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Aglo-Dutch Unilever have jointly formed the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), an independent, non-profit, non-governmental membership body. The rationale and strategies to achieve the goals of the joint effort are discussed.
Marine fishery reserves, its fishery and non fishery benefits are discussed. Problems with marine fishery reserves are also pointed out.
S.M. Garcia and C. Newton of the FAO Fisheries Department have produced a critical review of the situation and its causes and effects, which was presented to the Conference on Fish-eries Management: Global Aspects, in Seattle in June 1994. Some of the highlights, quoted from their paper are outlined in this paper.
F. Torres, Jr., in a 1991 Fishbyte article, presented length-weight relationships derived from 122 graphs in van der Elst's 1981 "A guide to the common sea fishes of southern Africa". This author analyzes Torres's tabulated results to determine whether or not a, b, Ina, L max and InL max were correlated. Highly significant (P < 0.01) negative correlations between b and Ina (r = -0.868) and between Ina and InL max (r = -0.276) were detected.
The species list is drawn from an analysis of catches taken by Sumalian and Russian trawlers in the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea between 1985 and 1990. The southern coastline of the Republic of Yemen has been divided into 7 areas, including waters around Socotra Island. The average depth of each trawl was recorded in 50 m increments. Non-appearance of the species in the area does not mean that the species do not occur in that area or depth, merely that it was not recorded in any of the samples analyzed. Specimens that could not be identified to species level have been excluded.