Livelihoods, markets, and gender roles in Solomon Islands: case studies from Western and Isabel Provinces

Livelihoods in Solomon Islands are diverse, composed of a wide range of activities. The marketing of marine resources through value chains is an important component of this livelihood portfolio in many parts of the country. Gendered analysis of marine resource value chains can identify key entry points for equitable improvement of the livelihoods of those participating in these value chains. Case studies of two Solomon Islands communities (one each from Western and Isabel Provinces) provide insight into this issue.

The sustainable livelihoods approach to the development of freshwater prawn marketing systems in Southwest Bangladesh

A conceptual framework, drawn from an approach to poverty reduction known as the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA), is applied to understanding the role of freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) marketing systems in southwest Bangladesh. Freshwater prawn marketing potentially provides economic returns and social benefits to the rural poor. Although the potential benefits are great, a number of constraints were identified for the longterm sustainability of prawn marketing systems.

Supply response functions of two fish species in the Arabian Gulf area

A polynomial distributed lag model was fitted to monthly fish production data from the Arabian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, inorder to determine the nature of the lagged output response resulting from a change in fish price. Results show that the variation in the supply function of two of the most widely purchased species (Epinephelus tauvina, Serranidae and Scomberomorus commerson, Scombridae) can be explained by changes in wholesale prices and binary variable representing the season of the year. The computed price coefficients show the responsiveness of supply to price changes.

Smoked marine fish from Western Region, Ghana: a value chain assessment

The value chain analysis of ths report focused on smoked marine fish- overwhelmingly the most important fish product originating in Western Region, Ghana. Smoked fish from Western Region is mainly destined for the domestic market where demand is very strong. Small quantities of smoked fish are destined for markets in Togo, Benin and Nigeria.

Producing tilapia in small cage in West Africa

This document is part of a series of 5 technical manuals produced by the Challenge Program Project CP34 “Improved fisheries productivity and management in tropical reservoirs”. The Water Research Institute (WRI) in Akosombo, Ghana, is working to bring cage aquaculture technology to smallholder farmers. The stocking, feeding and cage-construction technology piloted by WRI is now being widely adopted in the Lower Volta basin in Ghana. The results of WRI research over the period 2005-2009 are presented here as a guide to potential investors.

Economic aspects of processing and marketing

This paper examines the pricing efficiency and related economic aspects of fish processing and marketing in two communities of San Miguel Bay, Philippines. Salting, dried fish processing and marketing and fresh fish marketing are covered. Pricing efficiency of the system was found to be low. Daily incomes for marketing internmediaries, except for a few large scale wealthier fish driers, were comparable to those earned by fishing households in the communities.

Commercial production and marketing of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fry in Chonburi and Chachoengsao provinces, Thailand.

Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fry production and marketing in the provinces of Chonburi and Chachoengsao, Thailand are discussed, covering historical background, production methodology, transfer of technology to other region, and future trends.

Aquaculture development and scenarios of change in fish trade and market access for the poor in Cambodia

Aquaculture holds considerable potential to contribute to poverty alleviation, if it provides poor people with opportunities other than as primary producers. Integration of aquaculture into poverty reduction programmes provides means to diversify production systems and reduce food insecurity but also needs improved markets in locations where aquaculture can o¡er sustainable livelihoods to poor farming households. This study reviews the current constraints that poor people face in accessing markets in Cambodia and analyses its implications for pro-poor domestic aquaculture development.

Aquaculture and markets: a research agenda

This issues brief proposes an agenda for markets and trade research that supports pro-poor development of aquaculture. It summarises key trends and issues relating to global aquaculture development and identifies critical markets and trade dimensions. Coinciding with renewed interest and change in global agricultural research, this brief is targeted to aquaculture development practitioners and researchers. It aims to provoke discussion on the key areas of markets-related analysis needed to ensure that aquaculture research delivers the strongest poverty reduction and food security outcomes.

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