This paper reviews the coastal fishery resources of Bangladesh emphasizing the coastal environment, capture fisheries and management issues relative to the sector. Bangladesh’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers an area of about 166 000 km2. This area has abundant natural resources such as fish, shrimps, crabs and other marine products. Shrimp and fish trawling is the most important economic activity in this area. The fishery sector makes a significant contribution to the national economy in terms of foreign exchange, income generation and employment.
The Aquaculture for Income and Nutrition (AIN) project implemented by World Fish and funded by USAID, aims at increasing aquaculture production in 20 districts of Southern Bangladesh (Greater Khulna, Greater Barisal, Greater Jessore and Greater Faridpur) to reduce poverty and enhance nutritional status. As part of its initial scoping activities World Fish commissioned this value chain assessment on the market chains of carp fish seed (spawn, fry and fingerlings) in the southern region of Bangladesh.
Use of manufactured feeds in aquaculture in Bangladesh has grown rapidly over the last five years. More than 1 million tonnes of commercially formulated feeds and 0.3-0.4 million tonnes of farm-made feeds were produced in 2012, and sectoral growth is projected to increase substantially over the medium term. This working paper summarizes findings from a study, conducted as part of the WorldFish/USAID “Feed the Future-Aquaculture” project in 2012, assessing the current status of the aquaculture feed sector in Bangladesh.
This report presents the findings and recommendations of a strategic planning mission to reevaluate the feasibility of WorldFish implementing a fish value chain research program in Uganda under the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish (L&F). The over-arching goal of L&F is to increase productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems so as to increase availability and affordability of meat, milk and fish for poor consumers and, in doing so, to reduce poverty through greater participation by the poor along animal source food value chains.
It is time to recognize the crucial role of small-scale farmers in Asian aquaculture production and trade. The socially and economically important smallscale sector – the “mainstay” of Asian aquaculture – is innovative, but faced with constraints in modern markets. The sector needs investment from public and private sectors to compete and thrive. Another challenge is to develop certification programs in ways that promote responsible aquaculture expansion with due consideration to small-scale farming.
This study is the third output of the SDC-funded “Improving Employment and Income through Development of Egyptian Aquaculture” (IEIDEAS), a three-year project being jointly implemented by the WorldFish Center and CARE International in Egypt with support from the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation. The aim of the study is to gather data on the retailer segment of the aquaculture value chain in Egypt, namely on the employment and market conditions of the women fish retailers in the five target governorates.
The aim of the CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems (AAS) is to improve livelihoods and food security by enhancing the productivity and diversity of aquatic and agricultural systems.
Using market-based research methods for user-responsive innovation.
Feed the Future Bangladesh Aquaculture and Nutrition Activity is a five-year (2018–2023), USD 24.5 million investment by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). This is under the United States Government’s global hunger and food security initiative, Feed the Future, and has the goal of achieving inclusive aquaculture sector growth through a market systems approach in the Feed the Future Zone of Influence (ZOI) and Resilience Focus Area (RFA).
The Activity builds on the achievements of the six-year Aquaculture for Income and Nutrition (AIN) project, which ended in 2017, but applies a market systems, rather than a direct delivery, approach. This means stimulating co-investment by the private sector and organizations to achieve the objectives with a focus on sustainability from the start.
Goal and objectives
The goal of the Activity is to achieve inclusive aquaculture sector growth through a market systems approach. Specific objectives are:
- increased productivity of aquaculture systems
- strengthened aquaculture market systems, with special attention paid to expanding opportunities for women and youth
- increased awareness and adoption of nutrition-related behavior, specifically focusing on women and youth.
- improved access to better quality aquaculture inputs, services and/or market channels for 400,000 men, women and youth in the Feed the Future ZOI and the RFA
- 30 percent expansion of investment in aquaculture production and market related to inputs and services in the Feed the Future ZOI and the RFA by the private sector
- 30 percent increase in productivity from ponds and ghers in the Feed the Future ZOI and the RFA
- 20 percent increase in the number of households adopting improved nutritional practices.
Studies in Cameroon have found that aquafarmers with closer access to urban markets were able to sell much higher quantities of fish at higher prices. In recent research on collective marketing involving 32 rural fish farmers, 12 made a profit, which sparked further local interest in the concept.