Colaborating for Resilience tiene como objetivo catalizar el cambio institucional a fin de abordar desafíos comunes en la gestión de los recursos naturales. En este manual se presenta un método para organizar el diálogo,emprender acciones conjuntas y mantener la colaboración.
Egypt's aquaculture production (705,490 tonnes in 2009) is by far the largest of any African country and places it 11th in terms of global aquaculture production. The aquaculture sector in Egypt is now a mature one having developed over a period of more than 30 years, but the financial performance of the sector is not well understood or documented, even though value-chain analysis provides a methodological tool to do so.
Natural resource management is closely linked to conflict management, prevention and resolution. Managing natural resources involves reconciling diverging interests that often lead to conflict, which can undermine management institutions and lead to exploitation, environmental destruction and deteriorating livelihoods. If conflicts turn violent, they can rip apart the entire fabric of society. Thus, managing conflicts in a peaceful manner is decisive not only for successful and sustainable resource management but for societal stability in general.
In many countries, resource conflict is a leading risk to livelihoods. For some communities, it is a matter of survival. Yet, many development interventions aiming to address these challenges fail or fall far short of their potential. Common reasons include conflicting agendas, power and politics; poor local commitment and leadership; lack of coordination; plus high costs and low sustainability, as programs often unravel when development finance ends.
Details are given of techniques to be used in the handling of large amounts of data in the field of aquaculture. Two examples are given where different types of multivariate data analyses are performed on the compiled datasets to identify and quantify the effects of key variables governing growth and production of fish in manured pond systems cultivating tilapia and carp.
A method for estimating the instantaneous mortality rate (Z) is presented which was developed from a truncated equation for average length. The model has zero bias at equilibrium, but has no explicit solution for Z so that its solution requires a numerical method.
This article examines the suitability of length-based methods for providing regular assessments of the stocks of the more important commercial fish species in Kuwait. To date, comparisons of age-based and length-based methods have been carried out for 3 species, the croaker Otolithes argenteus , red snapper, Lutjanus coccineus and the grouper Epinephelus tauvina . Results so far indicate a stock assessment reliability equal to that based on age composition data plus a saving in manpower and capital.
The article features two most commonly techniques for gene transfer in fish, microinjection and electroporation.
A method is presented through which the total mortality undergone by several fish stocks of the same species can be compared when growth parameters are poorly known or unknown. Whereas the estimate of Z obtained via the length-converted catch curve is highly sensitive to the input parameters K and L sub( infinity ), the ratio of Z estimates obtained for different stocks with the same combination of parameters is almost independent of these inputs, at least when the fit of the linear regression is good.
Recently developed fish stock assessment methods are briefly presented which could be used for the management of the fish stocks of African reservoirs. These methods include length-structured versions of Virtual Population Analysis which seem particularly suited to reservoirs because a) they do not include any equilibrium assumption; and b) they can be used in conjunction with such highly selective gears as gillnets.