Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg has established a High-level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy, endorsed by the United Nations and G7 countries. To showcase the best scientific knowledge in the field and contribute substantively to the work of the High-level Panel, leading experts will come together at the associated Science for Ocean Actions conference to identify challenges and opportunities for the sustainable management of biological marine resources in different regions of the world.
Isolated in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, Hawaii was one of the last areas to be reached by "western" explorers; as a consequence, some ancient traditions were preserved in Hawaii well into the 19th and 20th centuries, providing an opportunity to learn from a surviving indigenous culture. An account is given of the division of the islands into various units and their exploitation. The smallest major divisions were the "ahupua'as," which spread out at the base along the shore and were self-sufficient units.
In the developing world, more than one billion poor people obtain most of their animal protein from fish and 250 million depend on fishing and aquaculture for their livelihoods. However, with wild fish stocks under increasing stress from climate change, pollution, overfishing and other factors, effectively managing the sustainability of the oceans has never been more important.