From local to global: How research enables resilient and sustainable small-scale fisheries

Small-scale capture fisheries—where fishers operating from the shore or small fishing vessels use simple methods to catch fish from inland or coastal waters—are an often irreplaceable source of nutrition and income in the developing world. Ensuring the sustainability of these fisheries will require coordinated, multi-scale and research-backed governance of ocean and inland aquatic systems that balance the needs and interests of all users.

Inland aquaculture holds promise in Solomon Islands

Fish is a diet staple in Solomon Islands, a country of 992 islands surrounded by productive coastal fisheries. But for inland communities, where fresh fish are expensive to buy and supply is irregular, fish consumption is often low.

“In the past, normally my family did not eat fish for around half of the year… sometimes we just lived without thinking about eating fish,” explains Moses Liukalia from Taflankwasa, Malaita Province, who farms fish for home consumption.

Saving mangroves in Solomon Islands

Mangroves are important ecosystems that provide food, firewood, building materials, and shoreline protection for coastal communities. They are also vital nursery grounds for fisheries, which support the livelihoods of 85% of people in the Solomon Islands.

However, these valuable ecosystems are increasingly under threat. In many areas, mangrove trees are unsustainably harvested by for firewood and building materials. This harvesting threatens vital marine resources.

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