Phenotypic and genetic parameters were estimated for three body traits (harvest weight, carapace length and standard length) and for adult male morphotypes of the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii in a fully pedigreed synthetic population in India. The data set included 9,173 progeny produced over four generations from 162 sires and 234 dams. Variance components and genetic parameters were estimated fitting an animal model using the residual maximum-likelihood methodology.
Prawn farming has grown in popularity since its introduction to Bangladesh in the early 1980s and is now widely practised in coastal areas. In Bangladesh, the main fish feed ingredients for prawn farming are rice bran, maize, soya bean meal, mustard oil cake, fish meal and meat and bone meal. This study was designed to evaluate the suitability of variable concentrations of low-cost oil-extracted sunflower cake in the diet for freshwater prawn M. rosenbergii in freshwater gher aquaculture system of Southern Bangladesh.
Diseases have been recognized as the major obstacle to the shrimp (Penaeus monodon) and prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) aquaculture production in Bangladesh. The present study assessed the range of aquatic animal health problems encountered and management practices adopted by shrimp and freshwater prawn farmers through a systematic survey.
The WorldFish Center is implementing the FtF Aquaculture Project in 20 southern districts in Bangladesh. The project is implemented under USAID’s Feed the Future initiative in collaboration with the Government of Bangladesh.
Due to inadequate technical knowledge and training in advanced methods of gradually growing tilapia culture, framers are not getting expected yield. From the very beginning of the CSISA-BD project, WoldFish Center has taken initiative to introduce advanced methods in tilapia culture. To do this, the shortage of skilled trainers and training materials, has, particularly, been realized. Presently, a number of manuals on tilapia culture from Department of Fisheries, Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute, WorldFish Center and different GOs and NGOs are available.
The present study examined the variation in survival, proportion of male morphotypes, female and male proportion, female reproductive status and tag losses in nine crosses from a complete (3 × 3) diallel mating of three populations of Macrobrachium rosenbergii in India. The populations originated from Gujarat (north-west), Kerala (south-west) and Odisha (east), representing different agro-ecological regions in India. Progeny from 60 families (4773 juveniles) were individually tagged and reared for 16–17 weeks in earthen ponds. Binary logistic regression was used to analyse the data.
This chapter mainly presents the history of shrimp aquaculture in Bangladesh and impacts of shrimp farming on rural livelihoods with particular focus on income and dietary consumption, based on literature reviews and structured field surveys. The chapter also focuses on the complexities of land use patterns and recommends a holistic approach to adopt integrated zoning principles into national policies to sustain shrimp farming in Bangladesh.
Benefits derived from selective breeding have been demonstrated in livestock and in some fish species, but by contrast, there have been few systematic selection programs reported for shrimps. Improving growth rate has been identified as the most important trait in the breeding objective for cultured shrimp species. In the present study we analyzed a four generation data set from a fully pedigreed selective breeding program for giant freshwater prawn (GFP in Vietnam. We estimated phenotypic and genetic parameters for body and carcass weight traits.
A brief account is given of the results of a grow-out trial conducted regarding the freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii ) in a farm pond in Ghana with water at temperatures of 30-33 C. Results showed that 70% of the prawns achieved lengths of over 13 cm and wet weight of > 35 g, figures which compare favourably with growth rates achieved in other parts of the world. Although M. rosenbergii culture is viable in Ghana, problems exist which prevent further development, the major one being lack of foreign exchange to purchase juveniles.
Twenty-five species of fish, shrimp and prawn from local markets in Bangladesh were analysed for concentrations of total Fe, haem Fe and non-haem Fe by ICP-MS. Total Fe and non-haem Fe concentrations were measured in nitric acid-digested samples and haem Fe was extracted using acidified 80% acetone for 60 min. Total Fe concentrations ranged from 0.55 to 14.43 mg/100 g FW, and haem Fe% ranged from 18 to 93% of total Fe. Repeat extractions with 80% acetone recovered additional haem Fe, suggesting that previous measurement by this technique may have underestimated haem Fe content.