A description is given of the Japanese muro-ami fishing gear, which although is very effective in catching elusivereef fish, causes considerable reef damage during its operation.
Major factors that have contributed to the failure in Jamaica to implement fisheries management successfully are examined. Problems in the management expertise and infrastructure are detailed.
Measuring the vulnerability of human populations to environmental change is increasingly being used to develop appropriate adaptation policies and management plans for different economic sectors. We developed a national-level vulnerability index that is specific to food security policies by measuring nations’ relative vulnerabilities to a decline in their coral reef fisheries. Coral reef fisheries are expected to decline with climate and anthropogenic disturbances, which may have significant consequences for food security.
The findings are presented of a study concerning the species composition and abundance of coral reef fish in the Philippines and their protection.
The potential productivity of coral reefs is discussed, considering problems involved in the different types of the reefsituations. The overall result is that coral reef fish on a world-wide basis are under-exploited.
The importance of coral reef systems to coastal fishery resources in the Philippines has become a focal point in certain government planning and research activities. Estimates of the contribution of reefs to the total fisheries production are based on 3 factors: reef area, maximum sustainable yield and total fisheries production. A method forthe gauging of coral reef production is presented.
This guide was developed to document the process and activities that WorldFish staff have used and adapted as facilitators working with communities interested in marine resource management in Solomon Islands. It draws on the experiences from work conducted with FSPI and MFMR through ACIAR funded projects, with communities that had a primary interest in the management of coral reef fisheries. Since 2011 the process has been trialed and adapted further with communities interested in mangrove ecosystem management (through the MESCAL project).
An examination is made of the fish production potential of coral reef areas and techniques used to estimate possibleyields.
Worldwide, there are many substantial coastal aquaculture and stock enhancement operations based on collection of wild juveniles. These include: growout of shrimp (Penaeidae), milkfish (Chanos chanos), eels (Anguilla spp.), yellowtail (Seriola quinqueradiata), southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii), edible oysters (Ostreidae) and mussels (Mytilidae); stock enhancement of scallops (Pectinidae); and the culture of pearls in farmed blacklip pearl oysters (Pinctada margaritifera). The growout of wild puerulus larvae of spiny lobsters (Palinuridae) is also developing rapidly.
This paper provides an overview of the live reef fish market in Hong Kong, which accounted for about 15,000 t/yr (US$345 million) of live fish imports in the mid-1990s. The live fish trade has spawned a number of management concerns, including overfishing of highly-valued species, use of destructive fishing techniques and human health risks. Recent actions by the Hong Kong government in response to these concerns are reported and possible region-wide initiatives are briefly discussed in this paper.