This paper examines the potential for improved environmental performance of smallholder aquaculture production through ‘beyond-farm’ governance. Smallholder aquaculture farmers face a range of systemic environmental risks related to disease and water quality that extend beyond the boundary of their farms. Yet most governance arrangements aimed at mitigating risks, such as certification, finance and insurance, are focused on the farm-level rather than the wider landscape within which farming takes place.
Early developmental stages of tilapia, including fertilized eggs were tested positive for TiLV in a previous study. We, therefore, hypothesized that infected broodstock is able to pass the virus to their reproductive organs and then to the fertilized eggs. In order to prove this hypothesis, Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) broodstock were experimentally infected with TiLV by intramuscular injection and non-infected broodstock were used as control group.
FISH made significant progress during 2018 in producing and disseminating a suite of research innovations for the sustainable development of fisheries and aquaculture across Africa, Asia and the Pacific.
A presentation given at The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) held the 4th Global Conference on Aquatic Animal Health from 2 to 4 April 2019, in Santiago, Chile. Tilapia is very important for food and nutrition security, livelihoods and income for rural households in Asia and Africa. Importance attached to biosecurity and health management must be at the same level as for shrimps and salmon. This calls for a massive change in the way farmers, researchers and policy makers treat carps and tilapia with respect to overall biosecurity and health management.
This study, funded by the German government and in partnership with an international research institute as well as the government department responsible for fish farming in Zambia, collected quantitative and qualitative data that aimed to provide a holistic view of the livelihoods of smallholder fish farmers in the country. A total of 151 fish farming households were surveyed and an additional 46 qualitative interviews were collected with a selected variety of fish farmers.
In recent years, more and more rural households in Timor-Leste have taken up fish farming driven by increasing knowledge of a locally-tested and proven approach to growing fish and better access to quality genetically-improved farmed tilapia (GIFT) seed.
But with demand for GIFT seed continuing to outstrip supply, access to quality seed has remained a limiting factor.
Climate variability has a profound influence on fisheries and agriculture in South Asia. CaFFSA will innovate in the delivery of climate services to 330,000 farm households in India (Andhra Pradesh and Odisha states) and 150,000 fish farming households in Odisha and Bangladesh (Barisal, Sylhet and Khulna divisions). Timely, reliable and contextualized climate information will profoundly change the climate risk equation in sectors that underpin the food security of millions. The project will build on the existing expertise of CGIAR and partnerships with national agencies, agricultural service and credit institutions to design and deliver scalable products, with an aim to reach more than 600,000 people by 2021.
This work was implemented as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), which is carried out with support from CGIAR Fund Donors and through bilateral funding agreements. This project is led by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
This annual report provides key results and learning achieved during 2018 in the CGIAR Research Program on Fish Agri-Food Systems (FISH). FISH made significant progress during the year in (a) producing and disseminating a suite of research innovations for sustainable development of aquaculture and fisheries across Africa, Asia and the Pacific, and (b) in moving toward stronger results-based program management through development and adoption of a monitoring, evaluation and learning platform.
This story describes the service provision model introduced by WorldFish through the Improving Food Security and Livelihoods project. The model focuses on local service providers (LSP) and service provider associations (SPAs), which act as a bridge between poor producers, private sector entities and government agencies. SPAs help the poor to enter and benefit from markets. Each LSP organizes input and output market support for around ten groups of 20–25 farming households.