Livelihood diversification in coastal and inland fishing communities: misconceptions, evidence and implications for fisheries management

The paper starts with a review of the concept of diversification, encompassing its associated dimensions, typology and influencing factors. Linkages between diversification and poverty are also briefly outlined in this section. The case of diversification in fishing communities is made in the third part of the paper, exploring misconceptions in greater depth, providing case study evidence to dispel them and highlighting consequences of inappropriately designed and targeted policies on fisherfolks.

Socioeconomic characteristics of payang seine (lampara) and driftnet fisheries in West Sumatra, Indonesia.

A proportionate random sample survey of 10 percent of the driftnet and Payang seine fishers in West Sumatra was carried out in 1998. A total of 45 driftnet and 66 lampara fishers were interviewed to obtain socioeconomic data on the fisheries. About 40 percent of the driftnet and 76 percent of the lampara fishers owned and operated their fishing vessels and gears indicating a high level of ownership of fishing assets by these small scale fishers.

Conserving hilsa and building livelihoods in Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, many poor fishers struggle to cope during the government-imposed hilsa fishing ban. Boosting the resilience of the communities whose livelihoods depend on hilsa (also known as ilish), the national fish of Bangladesh, is therefore the goal of the USAID-funded Enhanced Coastal Fisheries in Bangladesh (ECOFISH Bangladesh) project. Since 2014, the project has established 280 hilsa conservation groups in 81 villages, and is training women in new livelihood activities such as vegetable gardening.

Bangladesh Strengthens Its Commitment to Sustainable Aquaculture in the Face of Climate Change

In Bangladesh, where food shortages and malnutrition continue to plague millions, an aquaculture project is helping to raise family income and assist the rural poor to adapt to the impacts of climate change.

Bangladesh, the world’s third poorest country, boosted basic food production in the 1970s and 1980s with the introduction of high yielding cereal crops. The benefits of the new varieties, however, largely failed to reach the Adivasi ethnic minority.

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