Diversifying the use of tuna to improve food security and public health in Pacific Island countries and territories

The large tuna resources of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean are delivering great economic benefits to Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) through sale of licences to distant water fishing nations and employment in fish processing. However, tuna needs to contribute to Pacific Island societies in another important way—by increasing local access to the fish required for good nutrition to help combat the world’s highest levels of diabetes and obesity.

The commercial harvesting of tuna-attracting payaos: a possible boon for small-scale fishermen

A report is presented of a 2 day payao harvest aboard a commercial tuna catching vessel. The design of the payao (anchored floating, bamboo raft) is outlined, the most important feature of which is hanging line with coconut leaves tied to it, serving as a fish attractor. Recommendations are made to improve the system and to make it more durable and efficient.

South Pacific tuna and billfish program

The Tuna and Billfish Assessment Programme is a 3-year programme designed to provide a better understanding of the stocks of tuna and billfish throughout the central and western Pacific and also to determine the status of the stocks of the commercially important species. It will provide data as a basis for the assessment of optimum yields and will provide governments with information upon which sound fisheries development and resource management can be based. The specific topics to be covered by the Programme are listed.

Optimising the use of nearshore fish aggregating devices for food security in the Pacific Islands

It is widely recognised that anchored, nearshore fish aggregating devices (FADs) are one of the few practical ‘vehicles’ for increasing access to tuna to help feed the rapidly growing rural and urban populations in many Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs). However, considerable planning, monitoring and research is still needed to understand and fulfil the potential of nearshore FADs.

Anthropologist conducts study of skipjack tuna fisheries in Solomon Islands

The working together of the Solomon Islands and Japan on tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis ) industrialization requires cooperation and mutual trust. This must be based on an understanding of history and everchanging socioeconomic climates, which may be obtained from case studies such as that currently being funded by ICLARM and the Rockefeller Foundation on the South Pacific tuna industrialization.

A Japanese fishing joint venture: worker experience and national development in the Solomon Islands.

Development of marine resources, especially tuna, is the key to national development for many newly-independent states of the South Pacific. They have industrialized fishing through joint ventures-collaborations between bost governments and multinational corporations. Based on two years' field research, this report illuminates the first decade (1971-1981) of a tuna fishing joint venture between Taiyo Gyogyo of Tokyo, the largest fishing company in the world, and the Solomon Islands Government.

Relationship between sea surface temperatures and dolphin-associated fishing activities by the Mexican tuna fleet

Data from the Mexican purse seiner fleet operating in the eastern Tropical Pacific, for the year 1985-1990, are used to show that the fraction of surface schools of yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares associated with dolphins (Stenella attenuata and others) increases with sea surface temperature. Possible reasons for this correlation are briefly discussed.

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