Small indigenous fish species (SIS) are an important source of essential macro- and micronutrients that can play an important role in the elimination of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies in the populations of many South and Southeast Asian countries. Of the 260 freshwater fish species in Bangladesh, more than 140 are classified as SIS and are an integral part of the rural Bangladeshi diet. As many SIS are eaten whole, with organs and bones, they contain high amounts of vitamins and minerals, including calcium, and iron and zinc. Some SIS, such as mola, are also rich in vitamin A.
A method of consensus building for management of wetlands and fisheries using a systematic approach to participatory planning and initially developed in Bangladesh is now being applied in both Bangladesh and the Mekong delta. The method recognizes diversity in livelihoods and works through a structured learning and planning process that focuses on common interests. It works with each category of stakeholder separately to prioritize the natural resource problems that their livelihoods are largely dependent on; they then share and agree common priorities in plenary.
The Mekong River is one of the great rivers of the world and is characterized by high fish biodiversity. A number of organizations are working at observing and protecting aquatic biodiversity in this hotspot of global importance. Among them are international organizations such as the WWF, Wetlands International, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and the United Nation Environment Program (UNEP) but also regional institutions and national line agencies or nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).
The chapter begins with an overview of the water system in the Congo Basin, presents a synopsis of select hydrological goods and services, describes the relationship between forests and water resources in large river systems and concludes with a section on the state of knowledge and water resource management in Central Africa.
The Department for International Development (DFID) through the Marine Resources Assessment Group (MRAG) has approved the project proposal for the Project Memorandum on “Understanding Livelihoods Dependent on Inland Fisheries in Bangladesh and South East Asia” based on an earlier concept note on the same topic. The project characterizes the poor, identifies their dependence upon aquatic resources, describes the nature and status of those resources, and emphasizes the vulnerability of the poor to loss or mismanagement of these resources.
Lake Chilwa is shared by Malawi and Mozambique, it supports an important fishery and its watershed is undergoing rapid population growth and increasing utilization for agricultural production. It is a shallow, closed basin lake with extensive surrounding wetlands; and it has suffered several desiccation events in the last century. To better understand the current condition of the lake, we monitored a suite of physical, chemical and biological parameters at approximately monthly intervals over an annual cycle in 2004–2005.
This DVD is a community produced film made on location in two Salaphoum villages in Stung Treng, NE Cambodia. It forms part of an ongoing social research initiative supported by teh local NGO CEPA and the WorldFish Center, with financial support provided by Sida through the Wetlands Alliance. The film documents some of the process adn experiences of conducting villager led research and includes video interviews with Salaphoum researchers, research assistants, NGO staff and local authorities.
A multiple purpose wetland inventory is being developed and promoted through partnerships and specific analyses at different scales in response to past uncertainties and gaps in inventory coverage. A partnership approach is being promoted through the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands to enable a global inventory database to be compiled from individual projects and analyses using remote sensing and GIS. Individual projects that are currently part of this global effort are described.
This book has been documented by village researchers from seven villages in communities and districts along Mekong River in Stung Treng province and facilitated by research assistants from the Culture and Environment Preservation Association (CEPA) with support from the WorldFish Center team under the Wetlands Alliance Program.
This chapter introduces the integrated approach to wetland assessment. It argues for integration as an essential principle for understanding wetlands and their management and use. It discusses different approaches for integration, and advocates a conceptual and methodological framework for assessing wetlands in a fully integrated manner.