National strategies need to be established in order to develop measures for the sustainable exploitation of natural resources, particularly wetlands. The strategies for the protection of wetlands are based on preventing the reduction of wetland areas and by maintaining their ability to moderate the surrounding environment. The strategy also promotes the participation of local people, goverment officials, and other stakeholders. This paper provides an outline of the proposals for the strategies.
This book contains the summaries of various sessions presented at the "Workshop on Locally-Based Management of Natural Resources" held at Neak Pean Hotel in Siem Reap, Cambodia during 10-11 April 2001. The workshop discussed the important issues like (1) criteria for site selection, (2) recommendations on the general features of a "Community", (3) the process to define "Community" and (4) recommendations on size and shape of "management units" (pilot areas).
The Tram Chim Protected Area was recently recognized by the goverment as a national park for the conservation of typical wetland ecosystems in the Dong Thap Muoi area of the Mekong Delta. However, the protection of this national park has been a challenging task. Population in the area has rapidly increased in recent years, a result of the State policies encouraging land reclamation and natural resources exploitation in this area. Many of the local people are poor farmers whose livelihoods are based on rice cultivation and natural resource gathering.
This study analyses land use and cover changes in the Likangala River catchment of Lake Chilwa, Malawi, an endorheic tropical African lake. It also examines how land use-related physico-chemical and hydrological parameters in two affluent rivers of the lake affect the migratory and reproductive behaviour of Barbus paludinosus and B. trimaculatus, which are migratory, ecologically and economically important fish species.
This document summarises the outputs of a modelling approach of the relationships between hydrology and fisheries production in the Mekong River Basin. Environment (floodplains, wetlands and their vegetation) has also been taken into account as a constitutive part of the system.
The freshwater wetlands (beels) of Assam, India, cover an area of 101 232 ha. For the rural poor, the neighboring wetlands are the only source of fish. They depend on them for their daily consumption of fish as well as a source of livelihood. Ecoenergy studies indicate that these wetlands have a fairly high production potential. However, the current regulations and system of management are not conducive to sustainable production from these water bodies. It is resulting in overexploitation and degradation.
Every year Zambia’s Barotse Floodplain is inundated by seasonal rain, transforming its expansive, flat grasslands into an immense inland sea.
Home to more than 240,000 people, the 1.2 million hectare plain is traversed by a network of man-made canals that deliver water to homes and farmlands during drier months and reduce the severity of flooding during the wet season by carrying floodwater away from villages and farms.
The Ramsar site in Stung Treng province, Cambodia is home to more than 10,000 people from 21 villages as well as significant numbers of seasonal fishers who came to the area following the annual fish migrations. Despite richness of the biodiversity in the area, there is widespread poverty and food insecurity. Over exploitation of natural resources, the use of destructive fishing methods and upstream development of hydropower dams have reduced biodiversity and impacted the livelihoods of the people living in the area.