The coastal zones of most nations in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are subjected to increasing population and economic pressures manifested by a variety of coastal activities, notably, fishing, coastal aquaculture, waste disposal, salt-making, tin mining, oil drilling, tanker traffic, construction and industrialization. This situation is aggravated by the expanding economic activities attempting to uplift the standard of living of coastal people, the majority of whom live below the official poverty line.
This research explores legal and institutional aspects of fisheries and coastal resources management. The analysis is based on the principles of integrated fisheries management which includes seven key management factors: (1) information systems; (2) natural resources assessment; (3) natural resources allocation; (4) natural resourcesutilization and protection; (5) process of production; (6) marketing; and (7) MCS (monitoring control and surveillance) systems.
The Coastal Environmental Profile of Singapore is intended to serve the following purposes: 1)To provide policymakers and researchers with a ready source of information, including a detailed listing of source materials; 2) To describe the coastal changes that have taken place and to suggest factors that have brought about such changes; 3) To highlight the interrelations among the many aspects of coastal zone, including possible conflicts; 4) To raise issues relating to the management of the coastal zone with the intention that the zone be used more optimally; and 5)To eventually help formul
The profile is based on data obtained from a study conducted by Bogor Agricultural University to obtain basic ecological information regarding Segara Anakan from which resource management alternatives could be derived. It contains the following chapters: Geography and physical setting; Natural resources; Population, socioeconomics and land use; Economic sector; Institutional and legal framework; and Coastal resources management issues and plan.
Coastal areas play a critical role in the economic and social development of tropical countries. The highly productive ecosystems found in these areas support a wide range of economic activities. Increasing populations and economic and social development place heavy demands on coastal resources, and often result in natural resource depletion, environ-mental degradation and conflicts over the use of these valuable resources. Coastal resources problems which stem largely from overexploi-tation are due- mainly to poor planning and management of resource use and allocation.
The coastal waters of Southeast Asian countries have some of the world's richest ecosystems characterized by extensive coral reefs and mangrove forests. Blessed with warm tropical climate and high rainfall, these waters are further enriched with nutrients from land which enable them to support a wide diversity of marine life. Because economic benefits could be derived from them, the coastal zones in these countries teem with human settlements.
This paper reviews recent developments in China’s fishery and aquaculture sectors, as well as the policies affecting rural households in general and fisheries households in particular. It explores how China’s policies may change as a result of the nation joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) in December 2001 and the likely impacts of these changes on China’s fishery and aquaculture sector. It was found that the domestic fish markets are gradually integrating, suggesting that fish price shifts in one area will affect prices in most parts of the country.
Commercial coral reef fisheries in Pohnpei (Micronesia) extract approximately 1,521 kg of reef fish daily (~500 MT year-1) from 152 km2 of surrounding reef. More than 153 species were represented during surveys, with 25 species very common or common within combined-gear catch. Acanthurids contributed the greatest to catch volume, with bluespine unicornfish, Naso unicornis, and orangespine unicornfish, Naso lituratus, among the most frequently observed herbivores. Nighttime spearfishing was the dominant fishing method and inner lagoon areas were primarily targeted.
The International law of the sea is undergoing significant changes affecting the use and enjoyment of marine fishery resources. The effects of these changes, however, are quite dissimilar among the different regions of the world, because of the wide disparity in the characteristics and geography of the coastal states and the fishery resources. The only common element that all regions share is the necessity for improvements in systems for the management of the resources and the distribution of the resource benefits.
There are over 1 300 species of cyprinids in Asia, which form an important part of the world’s aquatic biodiversity. Aquaculture and capture fisheries involving cyprinids are a vital part of the livelihoods of many millions of people in this region. The production of carps from aquaculture in Asia constitutes over half of world finfish aquaculture production. Further growth in human populations will increase the demand for carps as food, but may also threaten wild populations.