MYSAP aims to contribute to poverty reduction and improved food security and nutrition in selected areas of Myanmar. The main objective of MYSAP is to strengthen the sustainable management of aquaculture in Myanmar, which is addressed through six specific objectives: The overall objective of the programme is to contribute to poverty reduction and improved food security and nutrition in selected areas of Myanmar.
The primary aim of the Project promoted by the grant is to increase the availability and access of fresh water aquaculture products that are produced sustainably by small-scale producers, and provide nutritious, affordable food and incomes for the poor and vulnerable in the Shan State and Sagaing Region in Myanmar.
Fish is the most important source of animal protein in Myanmar (>70%) with the average consumption estimated to range between 21 to 51 kg per person annually. Despite this, over 35% of children under-five years of age are moderately stunted and 7.9% moderately wasted. Aquaculture has grown significantly in the past decades but still only accounts for 22% of the domestic fish consumption which remains below the average in many other Asian countries (Thailand and Bangladesh are about 35% and 80% respectively) and there exists considerable potential for aquaculture development, particularly at the small-scale level.
GIZ will deliver MYSAP through four central fields of action: (A) strengthening of the institutional, strategic and legal framework; (B) promoting (vocational) education and training in aquaculture; (C) promoting brackish water aquaculture in the coastal zones (Ayeyarwady and Rakhine), particularly aiming on shrimp production; and (D) promoting sustainable inland freshwater aquaculture (Shan and Sagaing) focusing on carp and tilapia production. The expected outputs of these actions are: •Output A: The institutional frameworks for the promotion of aquaculture are strengthened. •Output B: The capacities for needs-oriented training in aquaculture are strengthened •Output C: The competitiveness of SMEs in coastal aquaculture value chains is environmentally, climate resilient and socially equitable improved. Output D: The availability and the access of affordable, environmentally sustainable produced freshwater aquaculture products are improved for disadvantaged people in Shan State and Sagaing Region.
The project benefits will be increased freshwater aquaculture production and incomes, improved food security and nutrition, and better gender equity in Sagaing Region and Shan State. In total we anticipate 3,000 producer householders to benefit from this project, 1,500 as direct beneficiaries and 1,500 as indirect beneficiaries with additional indirect benefits including employment for family members and landless households. Learning activities and partnerships will include restoring and upgrading at least four DoF and supporting private sector hatcheries, and also upgrading two backyard hatcheries and 100 nurseries for the production of quality fish fry and fingerlings. The project will also focus on developing and increasing the supply of quality brood stocks through GIFT tilapia and rohu genetic improvement programs. The project will assess human nutrition benefits attributable to small-scale aquaculture development and in collaboration with MYSAP program management unit (PMU) will facilitate an assessment of the impact of aquaculture products on household nutrition in fish deficit areas of the wider MYSAP project. The expected result is increased availability and access to fresh water aquaculture products that are produced sustainably by small-scale producers, and which provide nutritious, affordable sources of food and incomes for the poor, women and children in the Shan State and Sagaing Region.