COVID-19 impacts and adaptations in Asia and Africa’s aquatic food value chains

The COVID-19 pandemic is a shock affecting all areas of the global food system. We tracked the impacts of COVID-19 and associated policy responses on the availability and price of aquatic foods and production inputs during 2020, using a high frequency longitudinal survey of 768 respondents in Bangladesh, Egypt, India, Myanmar, Nigeria. We found the following: (1) Aquatic food value chains were severely disrupted but most effects on the availability and accessibility of aquatic foods and production inputs were short-lived.

Systems-thinking approach to identify and assess feasibility of potential interventions to reduce antibiotic use in tilapia farming in Egypt

Antibiotics are used in aquaculture to maintain the health and welfare of stocks; however, the emergence and selection of antibiotic resistance in bacteria poses threats to humans, animals and the environment. Mitigation of antibiotic resistance relies on understanding the flow of antibiotics, residues, resistant bacteria and resistance genes through interconnecting systems, so that potential solutions can be identified and issues around their implementation evaluated. Participatory systems-thinking can capture the deep complexity of a system while integrating stakeholder perspectives.

Preliminary lessons from COVID-19 disruptions of small-scale fishery supply chains

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and associated mitigation measures have disrupted global systems that support the health, food and nutrition security, and livelihoods of billions of people. These disruptions have likewise affected the small-scale fishery (SSF) sector, disrupting SSF supply chains and exposing weaknesses in the global seafood distribution system. To inform future development of adaptive capacity and resilience in the sector, it is important to understand how supply chain actors are responding in the face of a macroeconomic shock.
WorldFish Director General, CGIAR Senior Director of Aquatic Food Systems

Feed the Future Bangladesh Aquaculture Activity

CGIAR Center

The International Water Management Institute (IWMI) is a nonprofit research organization focused on improving how water and land resources are managed, with the aim of promoting food security and reducing poverty while safeguarding vital environmental processes. IWMI research focuses on water availability and access, including adaptation to climate change, productive water use, relationships between health, the environment, and water quality, and water resource governance.

Regional Organization

RDRS is an organization that works with the rural poor in Bangladesh by providing support to approximately two million people in 13 districts of the country. Most of its work is focused on eight districts and 57 sub-districts in the deprived northwestern part of the country. RSRD aims to achieve political, social and economic empowerment, quality of life, justice and a sustainable environment through the individual and collective efforts of the rural poor. RDRS was originally established in 1972 but became a national development organization in 1997.

Advanced Research Institution

The Borlaug Institute for South Asia (BISA) is an international nonprofit research institute dedicated to food, nutrition and livelihood security as well as environmental rehabilitation in South Asia. It harnesses the latest technology in agriculture to improve farm productivity by focusing on research that improves local productivity to produce more food to meet national and regional demands. Established in 2011, BISA research focuses on increasing the productivity of small farms through improved seed, mechanization and farming practices.

Nongovernmental Organization

Shushilan, a Bengali name signifying ‘endeavors for a better future,’ is a local nongovernment development organization that protects human rights, ensures social justice and gender equality, improves livelihoods and food security and promotes the proper management of ecological resources. Shushilan works in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh to improve livelihoods and food security of resource poor-communities through promoting sustainable agricultural systems and environmental health.

Nongovernmental Organization

BRAC, formerly Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee, is a development organization dedicated to alleviate poverty by empowering the poor, and helping them to bring about positive change in their lives by creating opportunities. BRAC takes a multifaceted approach to poverty reduction, placing special emphasis on the social and financial empowerment of women, while also targeting grass-roots empowerment, health and education provision, farmer empowerment and inclusive financial services provision.

Executive Director, Strategy, Innovation and Communication

Gender equality in climate policy and practice hindered by assumptions

Gender has a powerful influence on people’s experience of, and resilience to, climate change. Global climate change policy is committed to tackling gender inequalities in mitigation and adaptation. However, progress is hindered by numerous challenges, including an enduring set of gender assumptions: women are caring and connected to the environment, women are a homogenous and vulnerable group, gender equality is a women’s issue and gender equality is a numbers game.

Growth, yield and profitability of genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT) and non-GIFT strains in Bangladesh

On-farm performance of the genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT) strain in monoculture and polyculture ponds in Bangladesh was assessed using a stratified random sample of 213 GIFT and 256 non-GIFT farmers. The GIFT strain of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) was mostly farmed by small-scale farmers operating less than one ha of ponds and with lower assets than their non-GIFT counterparts. The GIFT strain had a faster growth rate (27% and 36% faster than that of non-GIFT tilapia in monoculture and polyculture, respectively).
Board Chair

Inland fisheries critical for the diet quality of young children in sub-Saharan Africa

Animal-source foods (ASF), such as fish, provide a critical source of nutrients for dietary quality and optimal growth of children. In sub-Saharan Africa, children often consume monotonous cereal-based diets, a key determinate of malnutrition such as stunting. Identifying existing sources of ASF for children’s diets will inform the development of nutritious food systems for vulnerable groups.